Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru - some of the most revered figures of the Indian freedom struggle - were hanged on March 23, in Punjab's Hussainwala now in Pakistan. Their execution spurred many youth to take up the revolutionary path, playing a vital role in energizing the fight against the British empire. On Martyrs' Day, also knowns as Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day, Indians pay homage to the martyrs who infused fresh blood in the fight for India's independence.
Here's what you should know about India's beloved sons:. At the age of 23, if anyone was smiling just before he was being hanged, he was Bhagat Singh. Born on September 27, in Punjab's Banga village near Jaranwala now in PakistanBhagat Singh grew up in a freedom fighters family. At an early age, Bhagat Singh started dreaming of growing guns in the fields so that he could fight against the colonial rule.
The Ghadar Movement left a deep imprint on his mind. Kartar Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19, became his hero. The massacre at Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, drove him to go to Amritsar. He was preparing fof his B. He vehemently rejected the suggestion and said that, if his marriage was to take place in Slave-India, my bride shall be only death. Shivaram Rajguru, born on August 24,had witnessed British's atrocities on India and its people.
This instilled within him a strong urge to join hands with the revolutionaries in a bid for India's freedom struggle. Born on May 15,Sukhdev Thapar had witnessed the brutal atrocities that the Imperial British Raj had inflicted on India, which then led him to join the revolutionaries, vowing to set India free from the shackles of British dominion. He even went on to educate the youth at the National College in Lahore, greatly inspiring them about India's glorious past.
He along with other renowned revolutionaries started the 'Naujawan Bharat Sabha' at Lahore that was an organisation involved in various activities, mainly gearing the youth for the freedom struggle and putting an end to communalism. He also took active part in several revolutionary activities like the 'Prison hunger strike' in ; however, he is best remembered for his courageous attack in the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
The dramatic protest was met with widespread criticisms from the political arena. Bhagat Singh responded - "Force when aggressively applied is 'violence' and is, therefore, morally unjustifiable, but when it is used in the furtherance of a legitimate cause, it has its moral justification.
The court ruled in favour of a life sentence citing malicious and unlawful intent of the explosions. Soon after the sentencing, the police raided the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association HSRA bomb factories in Lahore and arrested several prominent revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh was re-arrested for the Lahore Conspiracy case, murder of Assistant Superintendent Saunders and bomb manufacturing.
In jail, Bhagat Singh and his fellow inmates declared an indefinite hunger strike in protest of the prejudiced difference in treatment of the white versus native prisoners and demanded to be recognised as 'political prisoners'. The hunger strike received tremendous attention from the press and gathered major public support in favour of their demands.
Death of Jatindra Nath Das, after 63 days long fast, led to the negative public opinions intensifying towards the authorities. Bhagat Singh finally broke his day fast, on request of his father and Congress leadership, on October 5, They were supported in this act by their compatriots Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad.
However, their original target was not Saunders but superintendent of police James Scott who had ordered his men to lathi-charge protesters leading to the death of the nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai.
The tribunal was empowered to proceed without the presence of the accused and was a one-sided trial that hardly adhered to the normal legal rights guidelines. The tribunal delivered its page judgement on October 7, It declared that irrefutable proof has been presented confirming the involvement of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru in the Saunders murder.
Bhagat Singh admitted to the murder and made statements against the British rule during the trial. They were sentenced to be hanged till death. It is said that the trio proceeded quite cheerfully towards the gallows while chanting their favourite slogans like "Inquilab Zindabad" and "Down with British Imperialism". India's beloved sons were cremated at Hussainiwala on the banks of Sutlej River.
Remembering the men who shook up the British Raj
At the time of their execution, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar were just 23 years old. And Shivaram Rajguru was only 22 when he was hanged on March All rights reserved. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service.Executed for their roles in the Lahore Conspiracy Case, each member of the trio had been equally instrumental in infusing fresh energy into the fight against the British Raj.
Photo Source. Interestingly, the students of National College, particularly Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, were initiated into a deep love for India by Lala Lajpat Rai himself and into revolutionary ideals by historian and professor Jai Chand Vidyalankar.
Together, the group of friends founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha with the aim of encouraging youth to join the freedom struggle, inculcate a rational scientific attitude, and end the social evils of communalism and untouchability. They also began inviting various political personalities to speak about British colonialism and independence for India.
These efforts and access to those at the forefront of the Indian freedom struggle catapulted Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and others to the status of national political figures. He also played an active role in several revolutionary activities but he is best remembered for his courageous attack in the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Like Sukhdev, he too grew up witnessing the injustice and exploitation the British Raj continually wrought upon India.
In Februarythe Simon Commission arrived in India to suggest constitutional reforms. The unfair and insulting decision to not have a single Indian member in the Commission led to much anger and disappointment among Indians. In the resulting protests, veteran leader Lala Lajpat Rai was killed in a brutal lathi charge by the police. Seeking revenge for the death of the much-loved freedom fighter, the trio assassinated Assistant Superintendent of PoliceJohn Saunders, the British police officer responsible for the lathi charge on the senior freedom fighter.
Soon after, Bhagat Singh and fellow revolutionary, Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly before offering themselves up for arrest. These were the two charges that were clubbed together by the British Raj in the Lahore conspiracy case that led to the arrest of the young leaders of HSRA.
Other than using the court as a vehicle for the propagation of their revolutionary message, they also put the spotlight on the inhuman conditions political prisoners faced in colonial jails. Their fierce nationalism and great sacrifice also inspired a great number of people to join and support the freedom movement. At the time of their execution, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar were just 23 years old while Shivaram Rajguru was only Their extraordinary commitment to their cause is worthy of emulation.
Yet, the families of Rajguru and Sukhdev have been struggling to keep their memories alive, even as the restoration and maintenance of their ancestral homes have remained entangled in red tape. That may be, perhaps, the most meaningful tribute we can pay to these heroes.
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Spread Positivity : Share this story with friends. Close Menu. Topics Online Workshops. Sign in to get free benefits. Thank you for your support. Please fill the following details to proceed. Phone number.The story of their sacrifice for the nation will continue to inspire generations, he said in a tweet. The tale of their courage and valour will continue to inspire generations," PM Modi tweeted. Congress chief Rahul Gandhi also tweeted tribute and wrote that yje party will continue to fight with the thoughts and principles of the martyrs.
ShaheedDiwas pic. They mistook Saunders for Superintendent James Scott, who was responsible for leading a lathi charge against Lala Lajpat Rai, who along with his followers was protesting against the Simon Commission.
Lala Rajpat Rai died a few days later. A police constable was also shot in the Saunder's Murder Case by Chandra Shekhar Azad who was trying to catch the trio. After escaping the Saunder's murder scene, Bhagat Singh and his associate Batukeshwar Dutt took up pseudonyms and bombed the Central legislative assembly in Delhi. The bombs were harmless, just deployed for loud noise and they surrendered to the police. Inside the jail, Bhagat Singh and his associates went on a hunger strike to protest against the standards on living in jail.
Jatin Das, who was responsible for manufacturing the bombs thrown in the legislative assembly, died in The great martyrs have always been the inspiration for every Indian. BharatMata is fortunate to have such great revolutionary sons!
Honoring the supreme sacrifice made by freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru for the country, on their death anniversary. May we one day succeed in building the kind of India that our freedom fighters laid down their lives for.
Their sacrifices continue to inspire us pic. Martyrs' Day Shaheed Diwas Martyrs day. Web Stories. Follow Us:. Listen to the latest songsonly on JioSaavn.All rights reserved. For reprint rights:Times Syndication Service. Entertainment News Sports. India World Business Fact Check. Print this article.
Reduce font size. Increase font size. On this date inBhagat SinghRajguru and Sukhdev were hanged to death by the British colonial rulers in Lahore jail. Shaheed Diwas is celebrated every year on March 23 to pay homage to the young brave hearts.
Due to the lock down till March 31, tribute events would not be held in Punjab on the martyrdom day of the revolutionaries. In Pakistan too the tribute programmes have been cancelled.
Many tributes and online programmes through social media, and online seminars are being conducted to mark the occasion and pay homage to the great heroes. Here are some interesting facts about the three legends:.
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Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, in Punjab and he was a revolutionary socialist. He had played a crucial role during the Indian freedom struggle. Remembering Bhagat Singh on his 89th death anniversary, we bring you some of his famous quotes that continue to inspire the nation.
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News India. Next Story. Comments - Join the Discussion. Must Watch. Mar 13, 1st ODI. Mar 11, 2nd T20I. You can find out more by clicking this link Close. AUS NZ Australia beat New Zealand by 71 runs. BAN Bangladesh beat Zimbabwe by 9 wickets.LaluLand Kejri wants to be like Lalu. Nitish joins hands with Lalu. Mamata will turn WB into Laluland. Media will continue loving Lalu. Rulers of… National politics—Modi.
Jungle Raj—Lalu. Illegal aliens—Mamata. Nobody really cares for the dead person. One secular death is times greater than communal deaths. When you get into such equations, you will never get a solution. Complete Freedom of Speech is granted only to Modi Haters.
Kejri, Mamata, Nitish, Kanhaiya etc have wisely realized this. A jungle is beautiful. In a jungle animals kill to survive not for fun. Modi good governance kare to jallaad.
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Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar: The Forgotten Men Who Shook Up The British Raj
Never are Nitish-Lalu pulled up for the same. Two perfect politicians? Worse the politician, greater the support among intellectuals, seculars, media and liberals.
Good governance is dead boring.